To guarantee textual coherence is to make ideas complete, that is: to make reasoning linear and progressive (instead of going around in the same place), is to make the arguments concatenated (interconnected, associated ) is to make one idea the continuation of another.
Generally, inconsistency occurs when the reader wonders: but what did the author of this text mean by that? Or, when ideas are contradictory or when one has nothing to do with the other. There is still the “snowball” case when one subject is pulling another, and in the end, what we have is a beautiful salad of loose arguments.
Type 1 inconsistency: disjointed ideas
“Public safety is compromised and the richest do not care.
with the poorest, thus increasing social inequalities.”
What does the compromise of public security have to do with social inequality? If this passage is loose in the essay, without any coherent contextualization that explains the association between these two ideas, then this passage is incoherent. Public insecurity is the same for everyone, both for the rich and for the poor, and therefore has no direct relation to social inequality.
Type 2 inconsistency: contradiction
Public education is compromised. To do so, it is necessary to value the work of teachers, giving them better working conditions, adjusting their salaries and giving more opportunities for them to qualify. Education is and will continue to be a government priority.
If education is a government priority, then public education would not be compromised. In other words, education problems reveal that it has not been a government priority. This means that ideas are contradictory.
Incoherence type 3: Snowball effect
Textual coherence can also be compromised by the “Snowball” effect, as one subject draws another and plunges itself, causing the essay to lose its focus.
America has many natural resources, but has been wasted with burning and deforestation. We need to know that natural resources are not infinite. In addition, the Amazon is a constant target of international greed. This means that we must invest in our defenses to project our sovereignty over the eyes of other countries. The geopolitical implications associated with this are profound and for that we need to improve the training and education of professionals working in international relations. Education is important for a nation, so that it is possible to consolidate the foundations for a solid future for our society. In this way, we will guarantee a more just and complete society. Only through education can we give justice and well-being to the population, bringing profound changes in our culture.
Apparently this paragraph is coherent and cohesive. However, let me start by talking about “Amazon”, I travel between “geopolitics” and “international relations”, I pass through “education” and I end with “society”. I literally lost focus. One issue was pulling the other and I ended up getting lost in my ideas, creating a snowball.
In a way, this problem can also be considered a problem of coherence, since it is not possible to extract from the paragraph its central idea. It is not possible to summarize the paragraph in a single idea because the paragraph “throws” ideas to all sides. This usually occurs when we do not prepare ourselves to write, and so we write at the speed of reasoning, putting on paper all the ideas that come up. To prevent this from happening, make sure the paragraph starts with the same subject that it ends. If you, for example, started the paragraph talking about consumerism, then end your paragraph by talking about consumerism.
Remember that losing focus on writing is a great chance to get away from the topic, which is a criterion that can zero in on your writing.